• China

    Time was when grapes were for grape juice in China and some decidedly dodgy local tipples, but these days Chinese wine is taking on the world. China is slowly gaining attention as a viticultural player. The country is already the world’s fifth biggest market, and it has quite a heritage in wine – archaeological digs have uncovered evidence the Chinese were making wine in 212 BC.

    December 2011, in a blind tasting in Beijing, Chinese reds, mostly Bordeaux-style Cabernet Sauvignon-based blends, took the top four places in a China vs Bordeaux blind tasting competition. Although the testing was not considered massively representative, it was seen as symbolic that Chinese wines are indeed coming into their own these days.

    You hear fewer jokes these days about the New Rich putting ice in their Lafite, or pouring bottles of Petrus into a punch at a family dinner.

    These days the hills of Shandong, Shanxi and Ningxia are home to vineyards growing Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling and Chardonnay grapes.

    Among the top Chinese wines are the 2009 Chairman’s Reserve from China’s Grace Vineyards in Ningxia province, Silver Heights’ “The Summit”, also from Ningxia, a small, sparsely populated region in north-central China.

    In September 2011 , He Lan Qing Xue’s 2009 Cabernet blend, also from Ningxia, won at the Decanter World Wine Awards. This must have been as big a shock as when the Californians started winning gongs for Napa Valley’s finest.

    While Chinese wine is coming on strongly, and quickly, New Zealand and South Africa don’t need to worry about being overtaken just yet – there are probably less than a dozen good wineries in China, with Grace Vineyard, in central China’s Shanxi Province, and Silver Heights, in northwest China’s Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the standouts.

    France is aggressively marketing its wines to take advantage of the growing sophistication of Chinese tastes.

    The agriculture ministry has promised 400 types of wine from 12 regions all over France will land in China in batches over the next three years, and it is also keen to help educate people about wine with a campaign to include tastings for importers, distributors, cellar owners and chefs.

    Chateau Lafite, Pernod Ricard SA and Moët-Chandon have invested in planting vineyards in China, aiming to produce quality wines and develop their brands in what is expected to become the world’s largest wine-consuming market.

    The campaign includes France’s 12 wine regions and China is the fifth biggest importer of French wine both in terms of volume and value. The value of wine France exported to the mainland increased by 75.5 per cent last year.

    With so much conspicuous consumption going on in China, there is an understandable preference for the most expensive wines such as Chateau Lafite Rothschild, Petrus and Domaine Romanee-Conti among the favourites, but mid-range wines are finding a market with the middle classes in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou.                                                                                    19th May,2012

  • Whiskey Galore

    The inaugural Whiskey Week, a celebration of one of Ireland’s most successful products, was launched at the beginning of May by representatives of 3 of the country’s leading distilleries – Irish Distillers, Grants and Cooley Distilleries. Running from 21-26th May,2012, Whiskey week will feature events celebrating uisce beatha at the country’s leading distilleries as well as whiskey pubs and hotels around the country.

    Activities will include whiskey showcase events, tastings, food pairings, promotions and much more. The week commences with a unique tasting session in the Old Jameson Distillery led by master distiller Liam Donegan.

    Whiskey Week Ireland – 21st- 26th May 2012

    Day Event Host
    Monday 21st The Old Jameson Distillery,

    Time:6.30pm Arrival for finger food. 7pm: Tasting of the Jameson range from Original through to Rarest Vintage Reserve led by distiller Liam Donegan. There will be time for a general whiskey conversation after the tasting.

    End: 8.30pm, evening concludes.

    Max attendance is 40 pax.

    The Old Jameson Distillery, Bow Street, Smithfield, Dublin 7.

    For further details email Jenna;jenna@whiskylive.com

    Tuesday 22nd Single Malt Tuesday

    Join Patsy Doyle and his team for some chat, sampling and general good craic.

    Patsy Doyle, Bowes Bar, Fleet Street, Temple Bar, Dublin 2

    For further details email:

    Michael Foggartymichael@lmulligangrocer.com

    Wednesday 23rd Pot Stills and Cigars

    Outdoor event. Paul Quinn, Irelands cigar and whiskey aficionado, guides you through a tutor whisky and cigar matching. Places still available. Starts at 7:30pm. Tickets €50

    Paul Quinn, L Mulligan Grocer, 18 Stoneybatter, Dublin 7

    For further details email:

    Michael Foggartymichael@lmulligangrocer.com

    Thursday 24th Scotland v Ireland

    Food & Whisky Tasting

    Rob Allanson and Michael Foggarty go head to head again this year but have the added twist of matching different foods also. Do you know your Irish from your Scottish black pudding? Price €25. Places still available. Starts at 7:30pm. Tickets €25

    Michael Foggarty and Rob Allanson, WJ Kavanaghs, Lower Dorset Street, Dublin 1

    For further details email:

    Michael Foggartymichael@lmulligangrocer.com

    Friday 25th Whiskey Dinners at

    WJ Kavanaghs

    Two whiskey dinners, one venue. Join the global brand ambassadors for great food and great whiskey. Places limited to 20 people per dinner, price TBC.

    Global Brand Ambassadors, WJ Kavanaghs, Lower Dorset Street, Dublin 1

    For further details email:

    Michael Foggartymichael@lmulligangrocer.com

    Friday 25th William Grant Tasting Evening

    To be Confirmed…

    Brooks Hotel, Drury Street, Dublin 2

    For further details email:

    Jenna Leeds


    Saturday 26th Whisky Live Dublin 2012

    Ireland’s premier whiskey tasting show, Whisky Live Dublin, will make a return to The Round Room at The Mansion House in the heart of Dublin’s city centre on Saturday 26th May 2012.We have expert advice on hand and the opportunity to learn about the whisky basics as well as delve deeper into the hearts and minds of those who create the products every day; with great entertainment, appetising food and an amazing range of tastings, Whisky Live will be the whiskey event of 2012. 

    The Mansion House, Dawson Street, Dublin 2

    For further details email:

    Jenna Leeds


  • Whiskey Galore

    The inaugural Whiskey Week, a celebration of one of Ireland’s most successful products, was launched at the beginning of May by representatives of 3 of the country’s leading distilleries – Irish Distillers, Grants and Cooley Distilleries. Running from 21-26th May,2012, Whiskey week will feature events celebrating uisce beatha at the country’s leading distilleries as well as whiskey pubs and hotels around the country.

    Activities will include whiskey showcase events, tastings, food pairings, promotions and much more. The week commences with a unique tasting session in the Old Jameson Distillery led by master distiller Liam Donegan.

    See News/ Archive section for further details.

  • Destination Dublin

    Can ‘Destination Dublin’ Grow Again?
    Written by Frank Corr, Honorary Member, Irish Guild of Sommeliers
    Monday, 14 May 2012
    This article appears in the current issue of ‘Hotel and Restaurant Times’

    Frank Corr looks at the potential for tourism in the capital

    The official reason for the abolition of Dublin Tourism and its appropriation by Failte Ireland, is that it is in accordance with a Government decision to reduce the number of quangos in the country.

    That the move elicited smiles of quiet satisfaction in some quarters and groans of disappointment in others will not be officially recorded.

    It is however one of the most significant decisions ever taken in relation to the development of tourism in our capital city and its marketing throughout the world.

    Dublin is of enormous importance to the Irish tourism industry. Of the 5.86m visitors to Ireland in 2010, 3.48m visited Dublin and a further 772,000 visited the adjacent ‘East Midlands’ region. In that year also 35% of American visitors to this country visited Dublin- and Dublin only, never venturing outside of the capital city. Much the same can be said for more than a million visitors who come here on week-end breaks and those attending conferences. The vast majority fly into Dublin and remain there.

    Europe has become Dublin’s biggest market, providing 1.35m visitors (39%)  and €448m revenue in 2010. It is closely followed by Britain with 1.26m visitors (36%) and €253. revenue with North America providing 608,000 visitors (18%) who spent €198m. They come to the city principally for leisure with 42% on a main holiday, 13% on a City Break and a sizeable 22% visiting family and friends. Just 18% come to Dublin on business. Both the British and European visitors tend to remain in the city throughout their stay while Americans are more likely to visit other parts of the country, often hiring a car to do so.

    This annual influx of visitors makes a major contribution to the economy of Dublin and to Government taxes. They are by far the biggest market for the city’s 19,000 registered hotel rooms and 4,000 other rooms in guesthouses and hostels and they are the backbone of trade for city centre restaurants and pubs as well as keeping the tills ringing in retail stores. They are also the dominant market for the city’s visitor attractions (apart perhaps from Dublin Zoo), with 930,000 visiting the Guinness Storehouse in 2010, 469,000 viewing the Book of Kells, 300,000 paying admission to St. Patrick’s Cathedral and 278,000 touring Kilmainham Gaol. All this is before they drink a pint, travel on the DART or LUAS or go to a show.

    The current worry among all of these service providers is that the number of visitors to the city has been declining rapidly since 2007, pretty much in line with the national decline in tourism. Total visitors to Dublin have fallen from 4.4m in 2007 to 3.4m in 2010. It amounts to around one million fewer visitors now than at the peak of the boom. The biggest declines have been from Britain (down from 1.86m to 1.28m) and North America (732,000 to 214,000) while European visitors have fallen from 1.48m to 1.35m. Detailed figures for 2011 are not yet published but they are likely to show a slight increase.

    The downturn has focussed attention on the overall management of tourism in Dublin, which until the beginning of this year was nominally the responsibility of Dublin Tourism, an independent organisation which was for many years funded by Failte Ireland, Dublin local authorities and its membership. During the early years of this century however Dublin Tourism provided a growing share of its annual budget through a range of commercial activities. In 2004 for instance accountants Deloitte revealed in a report on the organisation , that Failte Ireland was contributing just over 15% of revenue with commercial activities grossing close on €5m of a €6.5m. budget. This report also referred to a new ‘award-winning website’, the successful launch of the ‘Dublin Pass’ and 1.5m customers visiting its Tourism Information Offices, including its attractive headquarters in a converted church close to Grafton Street. There can be little doubt that Dublin was ‘flying high’ at that time and was indeed ranked only behind London and Paris in terms of European Capital City bednights which, at 18.6m, had grown by 21% between 1990 and 2003.  There were no suggestions at that time that Dublin Tourism should be absorbed into Failte Ireland.

    Hard times however encouraged planners to take a closer look at Dublin Tourism and to analyse its activities. Responsibility for the marketing of Dublin abroad had been largely assumed by Tourism Ireland while other players such as Dublin City Councils had become more active in developing tourism infrastructure. Apart from some specialised marketing on the domestic and overseas markets, the principal activity of Dublin Tourism was in selling a range of tourism products through its TIOs (which proved to be very profitable) and operating five Tourism Attractions (Malahide Castle, Dublin Writers Museum, Fry Model Railway, Shaw’s Birthplace and the Joyce Museum), none of which featured in the Top Ten attractions of the city. A view developed therefore that the development of the tourism product in Dublin might be best served by transferring responsibility to Failte Ireland which could both invest directly and co-ordinate the activities of other stakeholders such as the Chamber of Commerce, Dublin City Councils and attraction operators. This view developed more traction when Failte Ireland took over the other regional tourism organisations (even Cork-Kerry) and came to fruition with the Government policy on semi-state bodies.

    The demise of Dublin tourism has given rise to some anxiety that a vacuum may exist in the promotion and development of Dublin as a destination and this has led to a decision by ITIC to commission research on the marketing requirements of the capital. The project called ‘Capitalising on Dublin’s Potential’ is being undertaken by Tourism Development International which has invited comment from interested parties. According to ITIC, the transfer of the functions of Dublin Tourism to Failte Ireland ‘brings centre stage the urgent need to establish an international destination marketing function which will exploit to the full the enormous potential still untapped for Dublin’.

    A top priority in any such strategy must be to win back the one million visitors per annum which the city has lost since 2007. Central to such a plan must be a clear understanding of why the tourism has fallen away particularly in the Britain and US markets. Currency values and economic conditions are of course factors, but a close look should also be taken at the ‘fashionability’ of Dublin, a possibly ‘tired’ product in places like Temple Bar, dining, drinking, transport and entertainment pricing and the creation of new ‘must see’ attractions.

    Dublin is a complex tourism product whose principal market is leisure visitors. The availability of things to see and do, places to eat and drink and the value on offer are therefore of prime importance. This is particularly true of the large numbers (50% of British visitors and 25% of Americans) who stay with family and friends. Their only contribution to the local economy is the money they spend on sight-seeing, dining, drinking, shopping and entertainment.

    A sub-division of leisure visitors which does not feature in the statistics are the growing numbers who come to the city for concerts and sports fixtures. Thanks to the opening of  the O2 and Bord Gais Energy theatres and the Aviva sports stadium, this segment has grown rapidly in recent years and has scope for significant further development.

    The opening of CCD has of course made a similar contribution to business tourism which at 18% of total visitors to Dublin is relatively small, but punches above its weight in revenue terms. The conference market is both rewarding and competitive and the existence of a strong ‘city brand’ can be a powerful tool in winning business.

    Failte Ireland is now the key player in the development of tourism in Dublin and it will be interesting to see how it approaches a significant challenge. It will need to be a leader and co-ordinator for the diverse stakeholders including an array of competitive commercial interests, cash-strapped local authorities, Dublin Airport and Port authorities, carriers, transporters, the heritage and arts communities and maybe the industrial and educational sectors. The ITIC study is examining the option of a ‘Brand Dublin’ which would encompass tourism, industry, commerce and lifestyle along the lines of the image presented by New York and London.

    Such a strategy would require significant funding and even more significant co-operation, but the benefits of getting an entire community to present a single (friendly) image to the world, would indeed be immense.

  • Wine Australia

    A+ Wine Australia Trade Tasting

    The Great Room, Shelbourne Hotel, Dublin 2

    Monday 28th May

    Wine Australia Tasting on May 28th, 2012.

    Our day will start with a Silent Hour (11am – 12noon), allowing you to focus on the wines without any distraction. If there is one hour to be with us, this is the one.

    During the day we will host 2 master classes.

    At 2.45pm, journalist Raymond Blake hosts Australian Semillon, a Hidden Gem, while at 4pm we host Australian Wine with Irish Food – Magnificent.

    As you can imagine, places for both of these are very limited. If you wish to join either, or both, please book with me on Ireland@wineaustralia.com

    For those short of time, our Riesling Focused Table and Chardonnay Tasting Trail allow you to concentrate on these two parts of the Australian wine portfolio.

    If you plan to join us on the day, please use the following link to register.

    John McDonnell

    Regional Manager, Ireland

    Wine Australia

    E ireland@wineaustralia.com

    W www.wineaustralia.comwww.australiaplus.com

    Australian Wine lovers follow us at:

    Australian Wine Community follow us at:


    Ballyvaughan, Co Clare, Ireland

    The Irish Guild of Sommeliers:  www.irishguildofsommeliers.ie

    A. O’ Gorman, Secretary Irish Guild of Sommeliers: ogorman.andy@gmail.com

    Wine Australia Ireland

    Wine Australia, Ireland is located in the pretty seaside village in Ballyvaughan in Co Clare. An apt location as this is the county that gave its name to the Clare valley in South Australia. Known as The King of the Clare, Edward Gleeson, left Sixmilebridge in Co Clare in 1850 on his way eventually to the Clare valley.

    JohnEstablished originally in 1996 on a part-time basis, the office has grown to a 4 day a week position. The office is run by John Mc Donnell, a graduate of Shannon College of Hotel Management and the Adelaide University wine marketing programme. (One of the last to do his studies at the Roseworthy campus).

    John spent 7 years in Australia (originally going on a one way ticket to see the Americas Cup in 1987), before returning to Ireland.

    With his wife Sarah he ran the Whitethorn Restaurant and Craft shop in Ballyvaughan between 1994 and 2002, before concentrating his efforts with Wine Australia.

    He has his Diploma in wine from the U.K. Wine and Spirit Trust, lecturers their courses on behalf of the Wine Development Board of Ireland and contributes to Wine Ireland magazine.

    A+ Wine Australia Tasting 2012 Shelbourne Hotel, Dublin, Report

    Wine Australia Ireland hosted it’s annual A+ Wine Australia Trade Tasting at the new venue of the Shelbourne Hotel in Dublin’s city centre on Monday May 28th.
    Following on from their intensive week of Riesling activities at the start of May, the blind focused table concentrated again on the variety, surely one of the great, and unique, strengths of the Australian wine portfolio. Proved to be a ‘must visit’ stand for most guests on the day. Full line up below.
    The New Face of Australian Chardonnay Tasting Trail aimed to support, and illustrate, the contention of respected wine journalist Andrew Jefford that Chardonnay is in fact the greatest variety out of Australia atthe moment.
    Journalist Raymond Blake lead off the series of master classes with a passionate plea for Semillon in Australian Semillon; a Hidden Gem.  Ever since visiting the Hunter Valley in 1997 I have been an avid fan of the unique, chalky‐dry‐in‐youth, toasty‐in‐age Semillons that are produced there, said Raymond. The line up included 3 Hunter wines, 2 from the Barossa and finished of with a botrytis offering.
    Later in the afternoon sommeliers Anke Hartmann (The Cliff House), John Hoade (Beaufield Mews) and Damian Corr (The Cellar Restaurant), all recently returned from Australia, presented some personal and passionate thoughts on how Australian wine can work magnificently with Irish food. Their wine and food matchings below.
    Some guest quotes from the day below.
    Great tasting today, really enjoyed the event and the master classes were excellent ‐ especially the Food & Wine matching, which I think was a highlight for all who attended. Mike Finnegan, Wine Paradigm
    Really enjoyed the tasting today. Very glad that I made the food and wine pairing, which was a real treat. A great panel, some beautiful wines and really great to try them with food. And very happy to join you flying the flag for Semillon, a great tasting lead by Raymond. Corinna Hardgrave, Irish Tattler
    I found the master class with Raymond Blake ‘Australian Semillon’ very educational and enlightening. It was great to be brought on a journey with Semillon in Australia and taste the different style from Barossa to Hunter Valley A very versatile wine that would suit a lot of events across the board. Very well organised and professional. Elizabeth Fox, The Hotel School, Galway ‐ Mayo Institute of Technology.
    Mary O’ Callaghan, President Irish Guild of Sommeliers and Lecturer in Wine Studies, School of Culinary Arts and Food Technology, College of Arts and Tourism, Dublin Institute of Technology, Cathal Brugha Street, Dublin,1 complimented John McDonnell, Regional Manager, Ireland, Wines of Australia for providing an excellent tasting and seminars. The overall programme was very informative and should be of great assistance to sommeliers and the trade in general.
    Oliver Murtagh, Vice President, Irish Guild of Sommeliers commented that this was an excellent event with a wide range of Australian wines on offer for tasting and seminars of a very high standard.
    Thanks again for Monday ‐ a tasting of great breath and two excellent master classes ‐ the food and wine matching session was fantastic.
    Brian Mangan, Irish Guild of Sommeliers
    Wonderful day at the Australian wine tasting. The best part was the food and wine matching. The sommeliers did a great job, very informative and funny.                Andrzej Dasiak, Sommelier, Hodson Bay Hotel
    John McDonnell, Regional Manager for Ireland said:
    “Perhaps the glorious weather on the day made a dent on our overall numbers; however I was delighted with the quality of those who did join us at the Shelbourne. We’ve had most of the main wine writes join us here today, as well as a number of key restaurateurs. Our blind Riesling table was visited by the majority of guests during the day while our two master classes were both fully booed out and much appreciated. Many thanks to all the companies who took part, and especially to those principles who joined us on the day, very grateful for their support.”
    For more information please contact John Mc Donnell in the Wine Australia Ireland office on Ireland@wineaustralia.com or on ++ 353 65 7077264
    Australian Wine with Food – Magnificent.
    2010 Jacobs Creek Steingarten Riesling
    Oak Smoked Salmon, Mustard Emulsion
    2010 Ferngrove Symbols Sauvignon Blanc Semillon
    Overnight Cherry Tomato and Goats Cheese Tartlet
    2008 D’Arenberg The Hermit Crab Viognier Marsanne
    Chicken Skewers, Peanut Sauce
    2005 Wakefield Jaraman Cabernet Sauvignon
    Roast Rack of Wicklow Lamb
    2009 Thorn Clarke Shotfire Quartage
    Roast Rack of Wicklow Lamb
    2006 Wirra Wirra The Dead Ringer Cabernet Sauvignon
    Roast Rack of Wicklow Lamb
    Grant Burge 10 year old Tawny
    Croser Irish Blue Cheese
    2011 Mount Horrocks Cordon Cut Riesling
    St Tola Irish Goats Cheese
    2008 De Bortoli  Noble One Botrytis Semillon
    Crème Brulee
    Australian Semillon; a Hidden Gem
    Peter Lehmann Classic Semillon
    Barossa Valley
    Peter Lehmann Reserve Semillon
    Barossa Valley
    Mc Williams Elizabeth Semillon
    Hunter Valley
    Mc Williams Lovedale Semillon
    Hunter Valley
    Tyrrell VAT 1 Semillon
    Hunter Valley
    Deen De Bortoli VAT 5 Botrytis Semillon
    Riesling Focused Table
    Line up
    Peter Lehmann
    Barossa Valley
    De Bortoli Windy Peak
    Yalumba Y Series
    South Australia
    Wirra Wirra Lost Watch
    Adelaide Hills
    Great Southern
    Thorn Clarke Milton Park
    Eden Valley
    Grant Burge
    Eden Valley
    Pewsey Vale
    Eden Valley
    Thorn Clarke Terra Barossa
    Eden Valley
    St Hallett
    Eden Valley
    Peter Lehmann
    Eden Valley
    Peter Lehmann Wigan
    Eden Valley
    Jacobs Creek Steingarten
    Wakefield Estate
    Clare Valley
    Knappstein Handpicked
    Clare Valley
    Mt Horricks Watervale
    Clare Valley
    Grosset Springvale Watervale
    Clare Valley
    Grosset Polish Hill
    Clare Valley
    Tim Adams
    Clare Valley
    Leasingham Bin 2
    Clare Valley
    Clare Valley
    Wakefield Jarraman
    Clare and Eden Valley

    Damian Corr, The Cellar Restaurant, Merrion Hotel, Dublin,Anke Hartmann,The Cliff House Hotel, Ardmore, Co. Waterford & John Hoade, Beaufield Mews Restaurant, Woodlands Avenue, Stillorgan, Co.Dublin.

  • Santa Carolina

    If you cannot see this information click here
    Viña Santa Carolina launches:
    the First Premium Mourvèdre from Chile
    A limited edition of 9.000 bottles makes Santa Carolina the first chilean winery to launch a Premium Mourvèdre.
    Varietal Cabernet Sauvignon Santa Carolina 2011 flies in Garuda Airlines
    Economy class passengers of Indonesia’s flag airline will enjoy Santa Carolina Cabernet Sauvignon Varietal 2011 in their trips to Europe, Asia and Australia.
    Two Gold Medals for Santa Carolina in the Ninth Edition of the Wine of Chile Awards
    Santa Carolina wines received major awards at prestigious international competitions and wine magazines during 2011 and the beginning of this year. A special mention to our icon wine VSC 2008 which was our most awarded wine in 2011.
    Rodrigo de Araya 1431, Macul. Santiago – Chile | Phone: (56-2) 450 3000 | Fax: (56-2) 238 0307
    Viña Santa Carolina 2012 © Copyright
  • Croatia

    June tasting – Maja Halilovich (a Croatian now living in Dublin) will present 9 Croatian wines to the Guild on Wednesday 6th June at 2.30 p.m at the United Arts Club, 3, Upper Fitzwilliam Street, Dublin,2

  • Noma

    Tuesday, 01 May 2012
    Noma in Copenhagen has again been voted ‘Best Restaurant in the World’. It retained its position when the results of the voting were announced last night. Two Spanish restaurants, El Cellar de con Roca in Girona (2nd) and Magaritz in San Sebastian (3rd) also held their places while D.O. M. in Sao Paola, Brazil jumped three places to take 4th. Osteria Frankescana in Modena, Italy slipped one place to fifth.

    Others in the Top Ten were Per Se, New York (6th), Alinea, Chicago (7th), Arzak, San Sebastian (8th), Dinner by Heston Blumenthal, London (a new entry in the Top 50- 9th) and Eleven Madison Park, New York (10th).

    No French restaurant made the Top Ten but three are included in the Top 20. No Irish restaurant featured in the awards.

    The World’s 50 Best Restaurants is compiled by ‘Restaurant Magazine’.

    The list is created from The World’s 50 Best Restaurants Academy, an influential group of over 800 international leaders in the restaurant industry, each selected for their expert opinion of the international restaurant scene. The Academy comprises 27 separate regions around the world. Each region has its own panel of 31 members including a chairperson to head it up. The panel is made up of food critics, chefs, restaurateurs and highly regarded ‘gastronomes’ each of whom has seven votes. Of the seven votes, at least three  must be used to recognise restaurants outside of their region. At least 10 panellists from each region change each year.